Product Safety

In the unlikely  event of  The Dampstick Pole being split open, the contents ingested, handled for long periods or come in contact with eyes, here is some information that can be forwarded to a medical assistant. It is in the main really applicable to mass production and handling.

Product name and form ANHYDROUS CALCIUM CHLORIDE 94 – 97% PRILLS
HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION
Major Health Hazards: Causes eye and skin irritation. Harmful if swallowed.
Precautionary Statement: Spilled material may cause a slipping hazard. Isolate area.
Fire Hazard: This material does not burn.

 

POTENTIAL HEALTH EFFECTS:
Inhalation: Dust may cause irritation to upper respiratory tract (nose and throat).
Skin contact: Brief contact is essentially non irritating to skin. Prolonged contact may cause skin irritation, even a burn.
Eye contact: For solid: May cause slight eye irritation, mechanical injury only. Dust formation should be avoided, as dust can cause severe eye irritation with corneal injury.
Ingestion: Low toxicity if swallowed. Small amounts swallowed incidentally as a result of normal handling operations are not likely to cause injury; however, swallowing larger amounts may cause injury. Swallowing may result in gastrointestinal irritation or ulceration.

 

FIRST AID MEASURES
Inhalation: Move person to fresh air; if effects occur, consult a physician.
Skin Contact: Wash off immediately with plenty of water.
Eye Contact: Immediately flush with plenty of water. After initial flushing, remove any contact lenses and continue flushing for at least 15 minutes. If effects occur, consult a physician, preferably an ophthalmologist. May cause injury due to mechanical action.
Ingestion: If swallowed, do not induce vomiting. Give one cup (8 ounces or 240 ml) of water or milk if available and transport to a medical facility. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious or convulsive person.
Notes to Physician: Due to irritant properties, swallowing may result in burns/ulceration of mouth, stomach and lower gastrointestinal tract with subsequent stricture. Aspiration of vomitus may cause lung injury. Suggest
endotracheal/esophageal control if lavage is done. If burn is present, treat as any thermal burn, after decontamination. No specific antidote. Treatment of exposure should be directed at the control of symptoms and the clinical condition of the patient.
Occupational Release: Small and large spills: These compressed and hardened Prills  are treacherous underfoot  if  spilt clear or contain spilled material  as quickly as possible to prevent accident by slipping,if possible collect in suitable and properly labelled containers. Flush residue with plenty of water.

 

Handling Procedures:
Handling Procedures: Heat developed during diluting or dissolving is very high. Use cool water when diluting or dissolving (temperature less than 80°F, 27°C). Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Do not swallow. Wash thoroughly after handling. Always wear the correct PPE
Additional Advice: Ingestion: Use good personal hygiene. Do not consume or store food in the work area. Wash hands before smoking or eating.

 

PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT:
Eye Protection: Wear safety glasses with side-shields. For dusty operations or when handling solutions of the material, wear chemical goggles.
Skin and Body Protection: Wear clean, body-covering clothing.
Hand Protection: Use gloves chemically resistant to this material. If hands are cut or scratched, use gloves chemically resistant to this material even for brief exposures. Examples of preferred glove barrier materials include:
Neoprene, Polyvinyl chloride (“PVC” or “vinyl”), Nitrile/butadiene rubber (“nitrile” or “NBR”). NOTICE: The selection of a specific glove for a particular application and duration of use in a workplace should also take into account all relevant workplace factors such as, but not limited to: Other chemicals which may be handled, physical requirements (cut/puncture protection, dexterity, thermal protection), potential body reactions to glove materials, as well as the instructions/specifications provided by the glove supplier.
Respiratory Protection: Respiratory protection should be worn when there is a potential to exceed the exposure limit requirements or guidelines. If there are no applicable exposure limit requirements or guidelines, wear respiratory protection when adverse effects, such as respiratory irritation or discomfort have been experienced, or where indicated by your risk assessment process. In dusty or misty atmospheres, use an approved particulate respirator. The following should be effective types of air-purifying respirators: High efficiency particulate air (HEPA) N95. A respiratory protection program that meets 29 CFR 1910.134 must be followed whenever workplace conditions warrant use of a respirator.

 

PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES
Physical State: Prills
Colour: White
Odour: Odourless
Melting Point/Range: 772 °C (1,422 °F) Literature Approximately
Water Solubility: Readily soluble
Composition/Information on ingredients Component Percentage CAS Number
Calcium chloride > 94 – < 97 10043-52-4
Potassium Chloride > 2 – < 3 7447-40-7
Sodium chloride > 1 – < 2 7647-14-5
Calcium bromide (CaBr2) < 1 7789-41-5

 

STABILITY AND REACTIVITY
Incompatibilities/ Materials to Avoid: Heat is generated when mixed with water. Spattering and boiling can occur. Avoid contact with: Sulphuric acid. Corrosive when wet. Flammable hydrogen may be generated from contact with metals such as: Zinc. Sodium. Reaction of bromide impurity with oxidizing materials may generate trace levels of impurities such as bromate.

 

TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION
Toxicity Data: LD50 Oral Typical for this family of materials. LD50, Rat 918 – 1,668 mg/kg
LD50 Dermal For the major component(s): LD50, Rabbit > 5,000 mg/kg
Chronic Toxicity: For the minor component(s): Potassium chloride. In animals, effects have been reported on the following organs after ingestion: Gastrointestinal tract, Heart, and Kidney. Dose levels producing these effects were many times higher than any dose levels expected from exposure due to use. Medical experience with sodium chloride has shown a strong association between elevated blood pressure and prolonged dietary overuse. Related effects could occur in the kidneys.
Carcinogenicity: This product is not classified as a carcinogen by NTP, IARC or OSHA.
Mutagenic Data: The data presented are for the following material: Calcium chloride (CaCl2). In vitro genetic toxicity studies were negative. The data presented are for the following material: Potassium chloride. In vitro genetic toxicity studies were positive. However, the relevance of this to humans is unknown. For the minor component(s): Sodium chloride. In vitro genetic toxicity studies were predominantly negative.
Developmental Data: For the major component(s): Did not cause birth defects or any other fetal effects in laboratory animals.

 

DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS
Reuse or reprocess, if possible. All disposal practices must be in compliance with all local laws and regulations. Regulations may vary in different locations. Report spills if applicable. Waste characterizations and compliance with applicable laws are the responsibility solely of the waste generator. AS YOUR SUPPLIER, WE HAVE NO CONTROL OVER THE MANAGEMENT PRACTICES OR MANUFACTURING PROCESSES OF PARTIES HANDLING OR USING THIS MATERIAL. THE INFORMATION PRESENTED HERE PERTAINS ONLY TO THE PRODUCT AS SHIPPED IN ITS INTENDED CONDITION AS DESCRIBED IN MSDS SECTION: Composition Information. FOR UNUSED & UNCONTAMINATED PRODUCT, the preferred options include sending to a licensed, permitted: Landfill and waste water treatment system.
IMPORTANT:
The information presented herein, while not guaranteed, is true and accurate to the best of our knowledge. This information is not intended to be all inclusive as to the manner and conditions of use, handling, storage, disposal and other factors that may involve other or additional legal, environmental, safety or performance considerations, and The Dampstick assumes no liability whatsoever for the use of or reliance upon this information. Safe handling and use of the product remains the responsibility of the customer.

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